[about chungthang]

Chungthang is a town in North Sikkim district in the Indian State of Sikkim. It is situated at the confluence of two rivers: River lachen and Lachung chu, both tributaries of the River Teesta. Chungthang is located a distance of 95 kilometres from the capital Gangtok. The Indian Army has a major forward base in the town including a medical centre.

Geography

Chungthang is located at 27.62N 88.63E It has an average elevation of 1790 metres (5,873 feet).

People

Most of the residents of the town are Lepcha. Chungthang is rich in biodiversity with a wide variety of orchids, plants and animals found here.

Main Festival

Most of the residents of the town are Lepcha. Chungthang is rich in biodiversity with a wide variety of orchids, plants and animals found here.

Saga Dawa-

On this day in different years of his life, Lord Buddha took birth, achieved enlightenment and attained nirvana. These three important events are celebrated in Saga Dawa Festival of Sikkim. A procession carries the holy books of the teachings of Buddha from the Tsuklakhang monastery. Saga Dawa is held on the full moon of the 4th month of the Buddhist calendar in the end of May or early June.

Lhabab Dhuech-

Lhabab Duchen commemorates the Lord Buddha's descent from the deva (heavenly or angelic) realm after teaching his deceased mother, Mahamaya. Lhabab Duchen occurs on the 22nd day of the ninth lunar month each year.

Phang Lhabsol-

Popularised by the third Chogyal of Sikkim, Chakdor Namgyal, the snow covered range of Kanchendzonga is worshipped for its unifying powers. This festival marks the signing of the treaty of brotherhood between the Lepchas and Bhutias by "Kye Bhumsa" and "Thekong Tek". On this day, masked Lama dancers portray the guardian deity as a fiery red-faced deity with a crown of the five skulls, riding a snow-lion. It is held on the 15th day of August.

Drupka Teshi-

Falls on the fourth day of the sixth Tibetan month, around August, celebrates Buddha's first preaching of the four "Noble Truths" to his first five disciples in deer park at Sarnath. At Gangtok, it is marked by prayers at the Deer Park and at a secluded place called "Muguthang" in extreme north Sikkim, followed by Yak race.

Bumchu-

Bumchu, an age old festival of Sikkim is celebrated at Tashiding Monastery in the month of January / February. During this festival, the lamas of the monastery open the pot containing the holy water. The level of water in the pot foretells the future for the future. If the water is to the brim, it prophesises bloodshed and disturbances; if the pot is almost dry it symbolises famine and if it is half full, it foretells a year in which peace and prosperity will prevail. A part of the holy water is distributed amongst the participants and then the pot is replenished with river water and sealed at the end of the festival to be opened only in the next Bumchu.

Losoong-

Losoong is a Bhutia festival, which marks the end of the harvest season and also the end of the Tibetan year. Chaam dancings at the monasteries at Palace (Tsuklakhang), Phodong and Rumtek, archery competitions and other festivities mark the occasion.

Lossar-

Lossar (also spelt as Losar) is the Tibetan 'New Year' festival that falls in the month of February and is marked with lot of gaiety and festivities.

Tendong Lho Rum Faat-

Specific to the Lepchas, this festival marks the celebration of the Tendong hill. According to legend, the hill had risen like a horn during a great flood to save the Lepchas.

Gumpa Dance -

During gumpa dance mela is being organized by the gumpa community in respective Revenue blocks.)During this festival all the concern lama participate to peform the The religious dance for different deties incarnated in earth for the protection and welfare of The livinghood.

SOME INFORMATION ABOUT CHUNGTHANG SUB DIVISION

  • Chungthang Sub Division comes under Mangan District,North Sikkim.
  • Chungthang is a sub Division inaugirated on Sept 1983 by the then MLA Shri Tasa Tengay Lepcha .
  • Chungthang is has five revenue blocks ( Lachung ,Lachen ,Chungthang, Shipgyer,Toong Naga.)
  • A total population of Chungthang Sub Division is 12000 approx.
  • The birth rate of Chungthang Sub Division is 7% approx.
  • Health of the people is normal .
  • Total household 2000 household approx.
  • Rate of literacy 70% more or less.
  • Weather in whole year is normal cold .